Page 2 - Dracula species 2020
Dracula (C.A. Luer) â€˜How to use this bookâ€™ Click in the book on the checklist on the species name to go to the species pages, Click on index to go back and click on drawing to see the drawing. For more information click on Tropicos Dracula is a genus only to be found in Central and South America. At this moment 135 species and natural hybrids are described (end 2016). Nine of them grow in Central America, from Mexico to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The other species are found in South America, 75 species in Colombia, 55 in Ecuador and 6 in Peru. In general the plants grow at elevations between In the nineties Draculas were very popular amongs 1500 and 2300 meters, but some grow at elevati- enthousiasts in The Netherlands and Sweden. A Introduction: ons below 300 meters and some grow even higher number of species got their name when they were named after Swedish growers, Dracula dalstroe- as 2300 meters. All plants grow in the shadow of the trees en hardly even get direct sunlight. In mii, lafleurii, lindstroemii. soennemarkii and Dutch their habitats these plants grow on branches of growers, Dracula antonii, brangerii, sijmii, terbor- This document is a collection of articles and descriptions trees which are covered with moss. At these pla- chii. on the genus Dracula (C.A. Luer 1922-2019). ces the roots of the plants always stay moist (not wet!) because the humidity also is very high. In the eighties and nineties a group of Swedish In 1990 I started to collect Dracula species and natural enthousiasts, with Stig Dalstroem amongst them, hybrids. In the past 10 years new species have been disco- collected a large number of plants in Ecuador. vered in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama Plants like Dracula alcithoÃ«, dalessandroi, dalstroe- In 1978 Carlyle A. Luer transfered 51 Masdevallia species and Peru. But it also happens that plants that are mii, felix, gigas, hirtzii, iricolor, lafleurii, levii, lind- to the new genus Dracula. For more information see: in a collections for several years start flowering, stroemii, mantissa, marsupualis, mopsus, morleyi, Icones Pleurothallidinarum X, Systematics of Dracula. and these plants are new to science. This has hap- radiosa, rezekiana, sibundoyÃ«nsis, sodiroi, uban- pened f.i. with Dracula brangeri (Luer)1968, which gina, vampira, woolwardiae. Some of the species In the last years however a lot of new species and na- was named after the grower of this plant, (heâ€™s were found by them for the first time ever. tural hybrids of the genus Dracula were found and they one of the founders of the Werkgroep Masdeval- werenâ€™t all described by Carlyle A. Luer. lia), Christiaan Branger. In contrast to what most people think, Draculas do well in the temperate to temperate-cool green- Here I will try to give a total view of all Dracula species Mr. Branger got the plant from Hubein from Berlin, house. This means daytime temperatures should which are described at this moment. who collected the plant in 1979. The plant flo- not go higher than 30C, night time temperatures Most recent information is to be found on: wered for the first time in october 1985, and was should be around 12 â€“ 15C. These are not the officially described in 1986. Only a few of these temperatures from a cool greenhouse. Also plants http://www.dracula-species.eu plants are cultivated in collections. want to be well protected against direct sunlight during summer, but should receive plenty of sun- Helmond, June 2016 The same thing happened with Dracula terborchii, light in winter. Herman ter Borch, update Februari 2020 which was collected in the northwest of Ecuador, in the Carchi area by the collectors of Jose Portilla. The Dracula species are best grown in baskets, this Since 1996 this plant was cultivated by Herman ter allowing the flowerspikes to grow down and leave all pictures: Herman ter Borch Borch, who flowered it in 1997. In 1998 a flower the baskets to flower. Hanging baskets are prefe- was sent to Dr. C.A. Luer who described the new red. The plants love a gentle breeze, so make sure species. There are two types of this plant in culti- thereâ€™s sufficient ventilation in your greenhouse. Picture of frontpage: In honor of Carlyle (Carl) August. Luer, vation. Also check if you can open the windows to let Dracula terborchii Luer & Hirtz (1999) ecu Dracula carluerii (J. Hermans & P.J. Cribb) fresh air in.