Page 2 - Dracula species 2020
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Dracula (C.A. Luer)                                       ‘How to use this book’

                                                                                                                                                                                           Click in the book on the checklist on
                                                                                                                                                                                           the species name to go to the species
                                                                                                                                                                                           pages, Click on index to go back and
                                                                                                                                                                                           click on drawing to see the drawing.
                                                                                                                                                                                           For more information click on Tropicos

                                                                                                                                 Dracula is a genus only to be found in Central and South America. At this moment 135 species
                                                                                                                                 and natural hybrids are described (end 2016). Nine of them grow in Central America, from
                                                                                                                                 Mexico to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The other species are found in South America,
                                                                                                                                 75 species in Colombia, 55 in Ecuador and 6 in Peru.

                                                                                                                                 In general the plants grow at elevations between    In the nineties Draculas were very popular amongs
                                                                                                                                 1500 and 2300 meters, but some grow at elevati-     enthousiasts in The Netherlands and Sweden. A
           Introduction:                                                                                                         ons below 300 meters and some grow even higher  number of species got their name when they were

                                                                                                                                                                                     named after Swedish growers, Dracula dalstroe-
                                                                                                                                 as 2300 meters. All plants grow in the shadow of
                                                                                                                                 the trees en hardly even get direct sunlight. In    mii, lafleurii, lindstroemii. soennemarkii and Dutch
                                                                                                                                 their habitats these plants grow on branches of     growers, Dracula antonii, brangerii, sijmii, terbor-
           This document is a collection of articles and descriptions                                                            trees which are covered with moss. At these pla-    chii.
           on the genus Dracula (C.A. Luer 1922-2019).                                                                           ces the roots of the plants always stay moist (not
                                                                                                                                 wet!) because the humidity also is very high.       In the eighties and nineties a group of Swedish
           In 1990 I started to collect Dracula species and natural                                                                                                                  enthousiasts, with Stig Dalstroem amongst them,
           hybrids.                                                                                                              In the past 10 years new species have been disco-   collected a large number of plants in Ecuador.
                                                                                                                                 vered in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama      Plants like Dracula alcithoë, dalessandroi, dalstroe-
           In 1978 Carlyle A. Luer transfered 51 Masdevallia species                                                             and Peru. But it also happens that plants that are   mii, felix, gigas, hirtzii, iricolor, lafleurii, levii, lind-
           to  the  new  genus  Dracula.  For  more  information  see:                                                           in a collections for several years start flowering,   stroemii, mantissa, marsupualis, mopsus, morleyi,
           Icones Pleurothallidinarum X, Systematics of Dracula.                                                                 and these plants are new to science. This has hap-  radiosa, rezekiana, sibundoyënsis, sodiroi, uban-
                                                                                                                                 pened f.i. with Dracula brangeri (Luer)1968, which  gina, vampira, woolwardiae. Some of the species
           In the last years however a lot of new species and na-                                                                was named after the grower of this plant, (he’s     were found by them for the first time ever.
           tural hybrids of the genus Dracula were found and they                                                                one of the founders of the Werkgroep Masdeval-
           weren’t all described by Carlyle A. Luer.                                                                             lia), Christiaan Branger.                           In contrast to what most people think, Draculas
                                                                                                                                                                                     do well in the temperate to temperate-cool green-
           Here I will try to give a total view of all Dracula species                                                           Mr. Branger got the plant from Hubein from Berlin,  house. This means daytime temperatures should
           which are described at this moment.                                                                                   who collected the plant in 1979. The plant flo-     not go higher than 30C, night time temperatures
           Most recent information is to be found on:                                                                            wered for the first time in october 1985, and was   should be around 12 – 15C. These are not the
                                                                                                                                 officially described in 1986. Only a few of these   temperatures from a cool greenhouse. Also plants
                                                                                          plants are cultivated in collections.               want to be well protected against direct sunlight
                                                                                                                                                                                     during summer, but should receive plenty of sun-
           Helmond, June 2016                                                                                                    The same thing happened with Dracula terborchii,    light in winter.
           Herman ter Borch, update Februari 2020                                                                                which was collected in the northwest of Ecuador,
                                                                                                                                 in the Carchi area by the collectors of Jose Portilla.  The Dracula species are best grown in baskets, this
                                                                                                                                 Since 1996 this plant was cultivated by Herman ter  allowing the flowerspikes to  grow down and leave
           all pictures: Herman ter Borch
                                                                                                                                 Borch, who flowered it in 1997. In 1998 a flower    the baskets to flower. Hanging baskets are prefe-
                                                                                                                                 was sent to Dr. C.A. Luer who described the new     red. The plants love a gentle breeze, so make sure
                                                                                                                                 species. There are two types of this plant in culti-  there’s sufficient ventilation in your greenhouse.
       Picture of frontpage:                                                 In honor of Carlyle (Carl) August. Luer,            vation.                                             Also check if you can open the windows to let
       Dracula terborchii Luer & Hirtz (1999) ecu                            Dracula carluerii (J. Hermans & P.J. Cribb)                                                             fresh air in.
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