Page 3 - Dracula species 2019-2
Dracula (C.A. Luer) Dracula is a genus only to be found in Central and South America. At this moment 135 species and natural hybrids are described (end 2016). Nine of them grow in Central America, from Mexico to Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The other species are found in South America, 75 species in Colombia, 55 in Ecuador and 6 in Peru. In general the plants grow at elevations between In the nineties Draculas were very popular amongs 1500 and 2300 meters, but some grow at elevati- enthousiasts in The Netherlands and Sweden. A ons below 300 meters and some grow even higher number of species got their name when they were as 2300 meters. All plants grow in the shadow of named after Swedish or Dutch growers. the trees en hardly even get direct sunlight. In Dracula dalstroemii, lafleurii, lindstroemii. soenne- their habitats these plants grow on branches of markii trees which are covered with moss. At these pla- Dracula antonii, brangerii, sijmii, terborchii. ces the roots of the plants always stay moist (not wet!) because the humidity also is very high. In the eighties and nineties a group of Swedish enthousiasts, with Stig Dalstroem amongst them, In the past 10 years new species have been disco- collected a large number of plants in Ecuador. vered in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama Plants like Dracula alcithoÃ«, dalessandroi, dalstroe- and Peru. But it also happens that plants that are mii, felix, gigas, hirtzii, iricolor, lafleurii, levii, lind- in a collections for several years start flowering, stroemii, mantissa, marsupualis, mopsus, morleyi, and these plants are new to science. This has hap- radiosa, rezekiana, sibundoyÃ«nsis, sodiroi, uban- pened f.i. with Dracula brangeri (Luer)1968, which gina, vampira, woolwardiae. Some of the species was named after the grower of this plant, (heâ€™s were found by them for the first time ever. one of the founders of the Werkgroep Masdeval- lia), Christiaan Branger. In contrast to what most people think, Draculas do well in the temperate to temperate-cold green- Mr. Branger got the plant from Hubein from Berlin, house. This means daytime temperatures should who collected the plant in 1979. The plant flo- not go higher than 30C, night time temperatures wered for the first time in october 1985, and was should be around 12 â€“ 15C. These are not the officially described in 1986. Only a few of these temperatures from a cold greenhouse. Also plants plants are cultivated in collections. want to be well protected against direct sunlight during summer, but should receive plenty of sun- The same thing happened with Dracula terborchii, light in winter. which was collected in the northwest of Ecuador, in the Carchi area by the collectors of Jose Portilla. The Dracula species are best grown in baskets, this Since 1996 this plant was cultivated by Herman ter allowing the flowerspikes to grow down and leave Borch, who flowered it in 1997. In 1998 a flower the baskets to flower. Hanging baskets are prefe- was sent to Dr. C.A. Luer who described the new red. The plants love a gentle breeze, so make sure species. There are two types of this plant in culti- thereâ€™s sufficient ventilation in your greenhouse. vation. Also check if you can open the windows to let fresh air in.